What Does A Laser Cutting Machine Do?

What Does A Laser Cutting Machine Do?

a worker using a laser cutting machine

Are you wondering what a laser cutting machine does? They have become widespread and much more popular over the last few years. There are many different benefits and possible applications for a laser cutting machine so it can be hard to know whether or not investing in one would be the right choice for you or your business. Find out more about the process, the advantages it, and how they are most commonly used.


What is a laser cutting machine?

As you might guess from the name, a laser cutting machine is designed to cut materials with a beam of intense light. This is usually done to either trim down materials or to cut intricate patterns into materials that most conventional tools would struggle to create. The process has a number of similarities to the process of drilling or engraving materials and can achieve similar or better results. The tools can engrave, trim, or cut a huge range of different materials of variable thicknesses which makes it a very flexible and adaptable tool that is useful for a range of different industries and purposes.


How does a laser cutting machine work?

A laser cutting machine works by focusing a highly concentrated and intense laser beam through materials. The beam basically burns through the material, creating a smooth and highly accurate finish. The beam basically melts away the material which means it can easily cut into materials like metals and gemstones like diamonds. There are different beams that can be used – pulsed beams and continuous wave beams. Pulse beams are delivered in short bursts whilst continuous wave beams are delivered continuously. It’s possible to control the beam intensity as well as the length of the beam and heat output of the beam, this means you can get better outcomes from different materials. Mirrors and other special lenses can be used to further focus the beam. The process is very accurate which makes it a powerful tool to use for a variety of purposes. There are different kinds of available that are better for different materials:


C02 cutters

C02 cutters are designed to cut materials using a gas-powered laser. The gas is an electrically stimulated carbon dioxide mixture. These machines are most often used on non-metal materials like paper, cardboard, and acrylics.


Crystal cutters

This cutter uses a neodymium-doped crystal to focus the beam. This method is suitable for both metals and non-metals. This design can be very costly especially when the pump diodes need to be replaced – they usually require a replacement after 8,000 to 15,000 hours of use and the crystal usually has a shorter shelf life than the fibre laser.


Fibre cutters

This type of cutter uses glass fibres to amplify the beam. They are strong enough to cut through both metal and non-metal materials.


What are the benefits of a laser cutting machine over other methods?

There are a number of benefits over this method versus conventional drilling or engraving machines. One of the top benefits is that the process becomes non-contact which minimises the risk of injury or damaging the materials you are working with. The cutters also have low maintenance costs and the process also reduces wastage. The machines are also able to work with multiple different types of materials and offer much more control over almost all factors. The process is highly accurate and suitable for different industries.

So hopefully that helped to give you an overview of these wonderful tools and how they work. They are useful for a great range of applications and uses.